Frequently Asked Questions
to Lengthen the Life
Your floral Arrangement
Keep the vase
filled or baskets floral foam soaked with water which contains a flower
Roses are thirsty flowers. It is most important to check to see
that the vase is full and add preservative solution often. If
the flower preservative solution in a vase
becomes cloudy, replace it entirely. If possible, recut stems by removing
one to two inches with a sharp knife, not scissors
while under warm water (this allows the stems to draw in
water instead of air). Immediately after the stems are cut,
place roses in a deep vase of warm preservative solution (about 100 degrees
F.). Do not use a stronger solution than the manufacturer's recommendation
or water will be sucked out of the flowers and shorten longevity. Avoid
using water from a water softener. Remove leaves that may decay under water.
When removing leaves and thorns, do not cut through the green bark. Air
can enter the water conducting passages through the injuries and restrict
water uptake. Do not let the newly cut end dry off before transferring
it to the arrangement or other container.
Premature wilting is not necessarily
a sign that the rose is old. It usually indicates that air is trapped in
the stem and the preservative solution cannot flow properly up the stem.
The end of the stem may be blocked. Look for a cut or scrape in the bark
above the water level. Recut the stem above the injured section under water
and then submerge the entire rose in a basin or shallow pan of warm water
(about 100 degrees F.). Be sure to keep the stem and head straight. A rose
will usually revive within an hour and can be placed within the arrangement.
One of the quickest and surest ways to kill your
new arrangement is exposure to temperature extremes found outside room
Cold weather is fatal. Even
at 40 degrees F. with mild wind
chill added can easily reach below 32 degrees F. causing small ice
crystals to form in thin flower petals within seconds. The result, cell
membranes rupture and leak fluids, within a few hours, the flowers
quickly wilts and dies. 99% of most complaints during the cold months are
due to this problem. Tropical
flowers have the same problem but starting at 50 degrees
F. To avoid this, cover all the arrangement with a plastic bag, even if
the arrangement is exposed just a few seconds to the cold (even from door
to car and visa versa). Rule of thumb: If you can see your breath, cover
weather, such as transporting in cars, can shorten an arrangements
life. Flowers can quickly lose water and if not careful, wilt. Like a pet
or child, do not leave arrangements in a hot car in direct sunlight
which can reach up to 150 degrees F. Even hot room temperatures (75 degrees
F. and up) can shave a few days off an arrangements life.
a cut flower's favorite temperature is between 35 and 40 degrees F.
To ensure longevity in your floral arrangement,
keep your flowers in a cool spot (65 to 72 degrees
F.) away from heat and direct
sunlight. You should not place flowers near open
windows, drafts, heating or cooling vents, directly under ceiling fans,
on top of televisions, radiators or doors that has a lot of traffic
(these give off heat or drafts, causing flowers to dehydrate). Keeping
flowers away from ripening fruit and vegetables - the ethylene gas
released will kill the flowers
for loose bunches or boxed flowers.
you can't get your flowers in a flower preservative
solution right away, keep them in a cool place. If possible,
leave the flowers in a cool, dark room or refrigerator to "condition" for
two-three hours before arranging.
a clean, deep vase with warm water and add the flower preservative,
obtained from your florist. Be sure to follow the directions on the package.
flowers in the water containing fresh flower preservative.
Warm water promotes flower opening.
any leaves that will be underwater when inserted in the vase. Leaves underwater
will promote bacterial growth and shorten longevity.
stems with a sharp knife, not scissors. Do this underwater (this allows
the stems to draw in water instead of air) and place the flowers in the
vase solution you've prepared. Water in which a good floral
preservative has been added is the best solution in which to arrange fresh
cut roses and flowers. Florists can provide small packages of floral preservative.
Use it as recommended to provide additional days of vase life. Do not use
a stronger solution than the manufacturer's recommendation or water will
be sucked out of the flowers and shorten longevity. Avoid using water from
a water softener.
for garden flowers.
Always cut garden flowers early in the
morning and condition them for best results and lasting ability. Remove
all leaves that would be below the water level in your vase. Cut the stem
on a sharp angle with a knife, not
scissors. Do this underwater (this allows the stems to draw in water instead
of air). Place in warm water with floral preservative, put
in a cool dark place to harden. After several hours the flowers are ready
to be arranged. Always cut your flowers before they are fully open they
will last longer and you will be able to enjoy them opening. Some good
varieties for cut flowers are Zinnias, asters, roses, lilies, snapdragon,
mums, and dahlias.
Wearing flowers for daytime or evening
occasions is both fashionable and fun. Corsages can be worn on the wrist
or in the hair. Wear them on a collar, on the waist, shoulder or purse.
Please remember, wear flowers the way flowers grow: blossoms up, stems
Guard your flowers carefully against
sudden exposures to cold air. In very cold
weather, carry your Body Flowers in the box. Put them on after you arrive
for the event location. Remember, frequent handling bruises delicate petals
To keep your Body Flowers fresh and
bright for a second day, cover with wet cotton or a thin wet cloth; refrigerate
in the florist's box. (Orchids are the exception. Unwind the stem wrapping
and place the orchid stem under water. Keep in a cool place, out of drafts,
but not in the refrigerator.)
Green and flowering plants
are a great enhancement to any home or office decor, they are also beneficial
to your health. A study by NASA shows that many houseplants are effective,
natural air cleaners that can remove many in door hydrocarbon based pollutants.
Keep plants in
medium light locations. Natural light is best, yet
most plants also can thrive in good fluorescent light. Most flowering
plants should be placed in areas with the most light in order to maintain
good flower color and promote the maximum number of flowers to open. Foliage
plants will do well under lower light levels and can be placed in areas
providing reduced light. Care should be taken during the summer
months not to leave plants close to windows that get strong mid-day sun
because this can burn the leaves.
All plants have different care instructions
on each arrangement:
Blooming plants like to receive sun,
especially in the winter. They do not like to receive reflective sun or
direct sun. Most plants like to have eastern or southern exposure. Blooming
plants like to have evenly moist soil and room temperatures of around 65-70
Green plants have similar care instructions
to blooming plants. They enjoy the sun for most of the day, especially
variegated plants and darker green plants. The soil should be evenly moist
and the temperature should not exceed 65-70 degrees. Southern and eastern
windows are their favorites.
should be kept moist at all times. Plants should not
be allowed to dry out or wilt. However, avoid over watering; do not allow
plants to stand in water (root rot). Avoid wetting leaves. Keep
room at high humidity as much as possible. Increase humidity around the
plant by placing it in a plant box filled with moistened peat moss. over
watering can cause roots to rot and can lead to the demise of the plant.
The other extreme could lead to the drying up of the roots, however, this
causes the leaves to become limp which is a good sign that the plant needs
water. Many plants will adjust to low light, however they will all grow
better with bright filtered day light.
A good balanced plant food
is essential to the overall health of the plant strong roots, healthy vigorous
leaves and overall good appearance. When you see the leaves becoming smaller
or the dark green color getting yellowed, this is a good indication the
plant is starving. Always follow the manufacturers recommendation more
is not always better. Just like you the plants need food to stay in a healthy
condition. Always use fertilizer that is made for house plants. DO NOT
use grass or outside plant food. These plants have different needs than
house plants. Always follow the manufactures recommendations, do not overdose
as this may cause burning of the root system.
heat or cold. Plants
should be maintained between 65 to 72 degrees Fahrenheit for best performance.
flowering plants grow best an night temperatures of 50 to 60 degrees F,
and day temperatures of 65 to 70 degrees F. Do not place them over radiators.
Keep them out of drafts.
is the proper care for cut flowers?
||Proper floral care includes
Removing foliage that falls below the
water level in a vase
Changing the water every other day,
or as soon as the water becomes "cloudy"
Adding flower preservative to the newly
Recutting stems, on an angle, under
lukewarm water each time the water is changed
Keeping flowers cool and out of direct
Keeping flowers away from ripening fruit
and vegetables - the ethylene gas released will kill the flowers
Removing wilting or dead flowers and
leaves as they occur.
Avoid cold and
using my flowers later in the day. In the meantime, should I keep them
refrigerated or place them in water?
||Floral shops keep their
flowers in coolers but the most important rule is that flowers must STAY
IN WATER! Keeping flowers in a cool place is beneficial to extend life,
but keeping them in water is even more critical to flowers longevity.
Doing both is the best.
is the best way to take care of a flower arrangement?
||It depends on if flowers
are in a vase or in foam. If you receive flowers in a vase, check to be
sure the water is always clear and not cloudy. If the water turns cloudy,
empty it and add fresh water mixed with floral preservative to prolong
the life of your flowers and arrest bacterial growth. replenish the solution
every 1-2 days. If you're not using preservatives, change the water, scrub
the container clean and recut flower stems daily. If possible, recut the
stems before placing them in the fresh water. If you receive flowers in
a box or tissue, remove all of the foliage that falls below the water line,
then cut the stems in a sink full of warm water (UNDER the water, this
allows the stems to draw in water instead of air) and place
them immediately into a vase of warm water mixed with floral preservative.
Cut stems straight across or slantwise using flower cutters or a sharp
knife. Do not use scissors. Cut stems under fresh, clean, warm water, (100
to 110 degrees F). Garden flowers and tropicals should be cut in warm water
(80 to 100 degrees F). If you receive flowers using floral foam,
be certain the container is full of water (treated with floral preservative)
every day. Using your finger, feel under the greens for a place where water
can be added or pour slowly into the center of the arrangement keeping
a finger in the container to gauge the water level. For all types of arrangements:
Keep flowers off of televisions, appliances and heating/cooling units.
Keep them away from hot or cold drafts, such as vents, and out of direct
is wrong when the water in a vase turns yellow or cloudy?
||This is a natural sign
that bacteria is growing in the water. Bacteria can clog stems and shorten
the flowers life, so keep the water clear at all times to ensure longevity
of your blooms. If your water starts to turn cloudy, immediately empty
the vase and add fresh water, preferably mixed with floral preservative.
If possible, recut the stems underwater (this
allows the stems to draw in water instead of air) and replace
them in the vase of fresh water.
flowers like sunshine, can I put my arrangement in the sun?
||No. Growing flowers
need sunshine because they require it for maturation. But cut flowers will
fade much faster if exposed to heat and direct sunlight. To keep flowers
fresh longer, keep them in a location away from sun and drafts.
I revive a wilted rose?
||Sometimes. If a rose
wilts, remove it from the arrangement and try this tip to firm it up. Fill
a sink with warm water, lay the rose horizontally in the water bath and
cut the stem (about 1") under the warm water (this
allows the stems to draw in water instead of air). Leave
the rose in the bath for about two hours and let the water cool. This can
work wonders in many instances but if the rose is already past its vase
life it will not revive.
long should flowers last?
||Each flower has a different
expected life span. In a mixed flower arrangement, various flowers will
die sooner than others. This does not mean that an arrangement is dead.
Simply pull out the old flowers and enjoy the beautiful ones that are left.
Many fresh flowers in a vase will last anywhere from 24 hours to just over
a week, depending on the variety. Keep the water in the vase full and fresh.
Changing water everyday is best. Once you remove the flowers from the vase
to change the water and add floral preservative, you need to recut the
stems underwater so that the flowers will continue to drink the new water.
For best water uptake, have the water temperature between 100 and 110 degrees
for both cutting and in the vase. These practices help last longer than
flowers left untended.
should I do differently with tropical than regular flowers?
||Tropicals are easier
to ruin because of the warm climates they originated in. Cold
weather is fatal to tropicals. Even
if the arrangement is exposed just a few seconds to cold air (even from
door to car and visa versa) within a few hours, the flowers can quickly
wilt and die. Tropical
flowers have this problem starting at 50 degrees
F. To avoid this, cover all the arrangement with a plastic bag, Rule
of thumb: If you can see your breath, cover it. When cutting tropicals
underwater or filling the vase with new solution, the water should
be 80 to 100 degrees F.
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